Surveillance of acute viral respiratory infections in Europe report on a WHO symposium : Madrid, 2-6 June 1980.

Cover of: Surveillance of acute viral respiratory infections in Europe |

Published by Regional Office for Europe, World Health Organization in Copenhagen .

Written in English

Read online


  • Europe.


  • Respiratory organs -- Diseases -- Europe.,
  • Virus diseases -- Europe.,
  • Public health -- Europe.

Edition Notes

Book details

SeriesEURO reports and studies ;, 47
ContributionsWorld Health Organization.
LC ClassificationsRA644.R4 S87 1981
The Physical Object
Pagination65 p. ;
Number of Pages65
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3115866M
ISBN 109289012137
LC Control Number82224977

Download Surveillance of acute viral respiratory infections in Europe

This report assesses the public health importance of viral respiratory infection in Europe. It also discusses new methods of surveillance, developments in diagnostic techniques as well as control and treatment of acute viral infection.

Surveillance schemes in Spain, U.S.S.R., and the U.K. are described in detail. Some of the findings of previous surveys are presented.

Get this from a library. Surveillance of acute viral respiratory infections in Europe: report on a WHO symposium: Madrid, June [World Health Organization.;]. SURVEILLANCE REPORT Annual epidemiological report – respiratory tract infections 1 Introduction A note to the reader The Annual Epidemiological Report Surveillance of acute viral respiratory infections in Europe book an overview of the epidemiology of communicable diseases of public health significance in Europe, drawn from surveillance information on the 52 communicable diseases and healthFile Size: 1MB.

Background. Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are prevalent worldwide and infections by influenza virus are particularly responsible for morbidity and mortality among children and other groups considered at high risk for complications from viral infections [1,2].There have been no published studies on the prevalence of viral respiratory infections in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA.

Acute respiratory infection: Paediatric: (1) Urban population of Kabul, Afghanistan () Review of patient records: Acute respiratory infection: 1 m y: 22 (2) Earthquake-affected residents and displaced persons, northern Pakistan () Clinic-based surveillance: Acute respiratory infection: 26 (1).

Europe PMC is an archive of life sciences journal literature. Acute respiratory tract infections (ARI) are a major burden in pediatric long‐term analyzed the financial impact of ARI in – Costs associated with ARI during the respiratory viral season were ten times greater than during the non‐respiratory viral season, $31 and $ per patient‐days, respectively.

Influenza. Commonly known as the flu, influenza is a common viral disease of the lower respiratory system caused by an nza is pervasive worldwide and causes 3,–50, deaths each year in the United States. The annual mortality rate can vary greatly depending on the virulence of the strain(s) responsible for seasonal epidemics.

The seasonality of respiratory viruses remains a challenging question for surveillance systems; robust information on viral circulation is crucial to optimise public health interventions, especially in low-income and middle-income countries where disease burden is highest.

Influenza viruses, respiratory syncytial viruses (also known as human orthopneumoviruses), parainfluenza viruses, and. Acute lower respiratory tract infections (aLRTI) and pneumonia Acute (watery) diarrhoea Acute (bloody) diarrhoea Antimicrobial resistance Anti-tuberculosis drug resistance Foodborne diseases Sexually transmitted diseases /syndromes: Annex 1: Software free and in the public domain: Annex 2: Proposed surveillance definitions.

WHO and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) recommend hospital-based surveillance of severe acute respiratory infections (SARI) as a tool to monitor severe disease caused by influenza.

Caroline A. O'Neil, M.P.H., from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, and colleagues conducted active surveillance of acute respiratory viral infections. Table 2. Deaths from respiratory diseases as percentages of deaths from all respiratory diseases and of deaths from all causes Acuteupper Viral and Tuberculosisof Chronic respiratory Influenza bacterial the respiratory bronchitis, tract infections pneumonia system asthma, emphysema Percentage of deaths from all respiratory.

However, despite the potential severity of viral respiratory infections (VRI), the spectrum of clinical presentations in elderly patients is extremely broad, and many of them have only mild upper respiratory infections (Nicholson et al., ).

introduced data from sentinel surveillance systems on hospitalized severe acute respiratory infections (SARI). WHO/Europe continues to monitor SARI in the / season. This document describes the SARI surveillance systems that are currently represented in the EuroFlu weekly bulletin.

Influenza and RSV infections can be severe in elderly patients, those with underlying respiratory or cardiac disease and the immunocompromised. During periods of maximum respiratory virus activity, i.e. the winter months, these infections can account for many of the acute medical admissions to hospitals, causing ‘winter bed pressures’.

Several viral infections, including respiratory syncytial virus infections, which frequently occur in the very young, can begin with mild symptoms before progressing to viral pneumonia.

SARS and MERS are acute respiratory infections caused by coronaviruses, and both appear to originate in animals. SARS has not been seen in the human population.

Typical upper-respiratory illness is a clinical diagnosis, and confirmatory testing is not needed. Depending on symptoms, judicious laboratory and radiology testing may be utilized to rule out other illnesses or secondary infections (e.g., influenza, acute pharyngitis or mononucleosis).

Two recent systematic reviews looking at acute upper- and lower-respiratory infections have shown that the. Introduction. Acute respiratory infections represent a significant morbidity and mortality burden worldwide and are caused primarily by viral infections.1, 2, 3 The high morbidity and mortality rates due to respiratory viruses have made these infections a global health concern.

Sincethe World Health Organization has advocated the surveillance of acute viral respiratory disease. The differential diagnoses for influenza-like infections include a variety of viral respiratory infections (parainfluenza, RSV, atypical dengue, adenovirus, enterovirus, coronavirus) or other viral infections (flavivirus, CMV, EBV, acute HIV infection), as well as bacterial infections such as mycobacterial infection (atypical pneumonia.

Acute Respiratory Viral Illness Surveillance Possible in Long-Term Care. WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, -- Active acute respiratory illness surveillance can be implemented among patients and staff in an adult long-term care facility, according to a study published online Sept.

25 in Infection. S. Masse, L. Capai, A. FalchiEpidemiology of respiratory pathogens among elderly nursing home residents with acute respiratory infections in Corsica, France, Biomed Res Int, (), p. Introduction. Acute lower respiratory infections (ALRIs) are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in children globally, accounting for 16% of mortality in children under 5 years in 1 We previously estimated that, inmillion ALRI cases, 22 million cases of severe ALRI, and 09 million ALRI deaths occurred globally.

2 Seasonal influenza virus is an important. Ad14 infection was described initially in and was responsible for an epidemic acute respiratory disease in military recruits in Europe in InAd14 was associated with approximately 8% of respiratory adenoviral infections in the pediatric ward of a Taiwan hospital, with approximately 40% of Ad14 cases in children aged Acute respiratory infections: the forgotten pandemic.

Communique from the International Conference on Acute Respiratory Infections, held in Canberra, Australia, 7–10 July Clinical Infectious Diseases ; Acute respiratory infections (ARIs), with viral pathogens as the major contributors, are the most common illnesses worldwide, and increase the morbidity and mortality among the elderly population.

The clinical and pathological features of elderly people with ARIs need to be identified for disease intervention. Emerging respiratory tract infections 1 Surveillance for emerging respiratory viruses Jaff ar A Al-Tawfi q, Alimuddin Zumla, Philippe Gautret, Gregory C Gray, David S Hui, Abdullah A Al-Rabeeah, Ziad A Memish* Several new viral respiratory tract infectious diseases with epidemic potential that threaten global health security.

The National Respiratory and Enteric Virus Surveillance System (NREVSS) is a laboratory-based system that monitors temporal and geographic circulation patterns (patterns occurring in time and place) of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human parainfluenza viruses (HPIV), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), respiratory adenoviruses, human coronavirus, rotavirus, and norovirus.

A novel coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, SARS-CoV-2) causing a cluster of respiratory infections (coronavirus diseaseCOVID) in Wuhan, China, was identified on 7 January The epidemic quickly disseminated from Wuhan and as.

Lower respiratory tract symptoms complicated 65% of upper respiratory infections and increased the medical consultation rate fold (chi 2 test P infections. A cute respiratory tract infections (ARTI's) are a leading cause of infectious disease-related morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years of age worldwide, particularly in the developing countries.1 The ARTI's can be caused by bacteria and fungi, but viral infections are the most common causes.

In developing countries, viruses represent a considerable proportion of the. Amoxicillin for acute lower respiratory tract infection in primary care: subgroup analysis by bacterial and viral aetiology Clin Microbiol Infect.

Aug;24(8) doi: / Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is the leading viral cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections, including bronchiolitis and pneumonia, in infants and young children. RSV vaccines for maternal or childhood immunisations are progressing past phase two trials and are expected to be available on the markets within the coming years.

Background Acute lower respiratory infections (ALRIs) are an important cause of acute illnesses and mortality worldwide and in China. However, a large-scale study on the prevalence of viral infections across multiple provinces and seasons has not been previously reported from China.

Here, we aimed to identify the viral etiologies associated with ALRIs from 22 Chinese provinces. RSV-associated acute lower respiratory infections () 90 million (range: – million) cases (22% of all pediatric ALRI) – million hospital admissions.

Introduction. Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing nations [].In Cambodia, pneumonia is the third highest cause of death in children under five [4,5].In Decembera passive hospital-based surveillance study was initiated to identify the causes of acute undifferentiated fever in patients seeking.

Please cite this paper as: Zuccotti et al. () Epidemiological and clinical features of respiratory viral infections in hospitalized children during the circulation of influenza virus A(H1N1) Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses 5(6), e–e Background Seasonal influenza viruses and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are primary causes of acute respiratory tract infections.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is a leading cause of hospitalization due to acute lower respiratory infection especially in infants and young children. Currently available options (Palivizumab) for preventing and treating RSV are limited to select populations in high-resource settings.

At the beginning of the coronavirus (COVID) pandemic, Italy was one of the most affected countries in Europe. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is less frequent and less severe in children than in adults. This study analyzed the frequency of SARS-CoV-2 in. Taiwan experienced two waves of imported infections with Coronavirus Disease (COVID).

This study aimed at investigating the genomic variation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Taiwan and compared their evolutionary trajectories with the global strains. We per. Kurt D. Reed, in Molecular Medical Microbiology (Second Edition), Introduction.

Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are among the most common and important problems in clinical medicine. In developed countries, acute respiratory infections (ARI) account for the majority of antibiotic prescriptions written, 20% of all medical consultations and over 30% of lost days from work [1].

The risk of respiratory virus infection correlates with age, pre‐existing medical condition, and immune status [16, 17]. Most studies of respiratory viral activity patterns have focused on children, and large‐scale epidemiological investigations of respiratory virus infections .However, sinceclusters of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) associated with EV-D68 have been reported worldwide, including Europe (2–5).

During mid-August –Januarythe United States and Canada had nationwide outbreaks of EV-D68 infections associated with severe respiratory.

LTC Respiratory Surveillance Line List Date:_____/_____/_____ This worksheet was created to help nursing homes and other LTC facilities detect, characterize and investigate a possible outbreak of respiratory illness.

A. Case Demographics B. Case Location C. Signs and Symptoms (s/s) D. Diagnostics E. Outcome During OutbreakA Name. Age.

93770 views Friday, November 20, 2020